Spreading from India to Central and Southeast Asia, China, Korea, and Japan, Buddhism has played a central role in the spiritual, cultural, and… General considerations The clan name of the historical figure referred to as the Buddha whose life is known largely through legend was Gautama in Sanskrit or Gotama in Paliand his given name was Siddhartha Sanskrit: The events of his life set forth in these texts cannot be regarded with confidence as historical, although his historical existence is accepted by scholars. He is said to have lived for 80 years, but there is considerable uncertainty concerning the date of his death. Scholarship in the 20th century limited this range considerably, with opinion generally divided between those who placed his death about bce and those who placed it as much as a century later.
Ethics and Community overview Most historians agree that Buddhism originated in northern India in the 5th century B. The tradition traces its origin to Siddhartha Gautama or Gotamawho is typically referred to as the Buddha literally the "Awakened" or "Enlightened One".
Siddhartha observed the suffering in the world and set out to find an antidote. Through meditation and analysis, he attained an enlightened state of being that marked the end of attachments and therefore sufferingand ultimately, upon his death, release from the cycle of rebirth samsara.
Over the course of its year history, Buddhism has experienced many schisms and modifications; there are currently three major branches of the tradition — the Theravada "Doctrine of the Elders"the Mahayana "Great Vehicleand the Vajrayana "Diamond Vehicle," often simply called "Tibetan Buddhism"although there are many sects and groups within each of these branches.
The Buddhist canon consists of a vast corpus of texts that cover philosophical, devotional, and monastic matters, and each of the major divisions of Buddhism has its own distinct version of what it considers to be canonical scriptures.
Buddhism has spread from its roots in India to virtually every corner of the world, and in each place it has spread it has adopted and adapted local practices and beliefs. Although Buddhism is a distinct religious tradition, many people in the contemporary West have adopted philosophical and practical aspects of Buddhism and incorporated them into their religious and social practices; thus there are people who identify themselves "Buddhist Christians," "Buddhist Jews," and "Buddhist Atheists.
Certain branches of the larger Buddhist tradition including the Mahayana include a variety of gods and goddesses; others, especially the Theravada, reject belief in an omnipotent deity.
Quick Fact Sources include www.The history of Buddha is the legend of Siddharta Gotama, a 6th century BC Indian warrior, who first became a wandering ascetic, later a Buddha and finally a Chinese.
He was most probably born in BC and belonged to a small North Indian Shakya tribe. In Theravada Buddhism, bodhi is equal to supreme insight, and the realisation of the four noble truths, which leads to deliverance.
According to Nyanatiloka, (Through Bodhi) one awakens from the slumber or stupor (inflicted upon the mind) by the defilements (kilesa, q.v.) and comprehends the Four Noble Truths (sacca, q.v.).
Buddha Statue: A Symbol of the Enlightened One The Buddha Statue signifies the "Enlightened One," the basic idol of Buddhism. Buddhism conveys the philosophy of self-perfection - its essentials are contained in the . Continue your studies of this major religious figure by reviewing the accompanying lesson titled Who Is Buddha, the Enlightened One?
- History & Concept. This lesson covers the following objectives. The founder of Buddhism, Siddhartha Gautama, was born circa BCE into a wealthy family. Gautama rejected his life of riches and embraced a lifestyle of asceticism, or extreme self-discipline.
After 49 consecutive days of meditation, Gautama became the Buddha, or “enlightened one”. The story of the Buddha's enlightenment is not told exactly the same way in all schools of Buddhism.
There are, of course, elements of folk history and fable at work here, as the details of Siddhārtha Gautama, a clan prince living roughly between the years of BCE to BCE, are not precisely known.