Share1 Shares We take a lot for granted in terms of medical care today. Whilst we still get ill sometimes, there is a range of medicines and treatments available.
But in the 19th century, the infrastructure was put in place for homegrown American science and engineering. Follow along as msnbc.
Benjamin Franklin experiments with electricity Henry S. Some accounts claim that Franklin actually went out with a kite and a key in the early s to verify that lighting was electrical in nature.
Others say that part of the story is apocryphal. Joseph Henry keeps electric buzz alive NOAA Joseph Henry was a 19th-century scientist whose life parallels that of the English physicist Michael Faraday, who is often credited for discoveries that Henry made too.
For example, inHenry discovered the principle of electromagnetic induction, which underlies the operation of generators and electric motors, but he didn't publish his results.
Faraday made the same discovery at the same time, published, and generally gets the credit for the feat. Rothenberg noted that Henry also invented the first electric motor and became the first secretary of the Smithsonian Institution ina role in which he fostered the communication of science to the public.
Othniel Charles Marsh digs a course for U. He published widely on everything from fossil horses and toothed birds to a gaggle of dinosaurs. Thomas Morgan Hunt puts genetics on the map University of Exeter The draft sequences of the human genome, published in by the publicly funded Human Genome Project and Craig Venter's privately funded Celera Genomics, are often hailed as one of the greatest scientific achievements of the 21st century.
Perhaps so, but the field of genetics was pioneered in the early 20th century at Columbia University in Thomas Hunt Morgan's lab. He and his students, working on fruit flies in what was known as the "Fly Room," mapped the first genes and linked heredity with chromosomes.
Hunt received the Nobel Prize for his work in Edwin Hubble observes that the universe is expanding NASA Starting in the s, some of the largest telescopes in the world were constructed in the U.
Some of the greatest discoveries belong to Edwin Hubble, who spent his time observing the stars at the Mount Wilson Observatory in California. In the s, for example, Hubble discovered that the Milky Way is just one of many, many galaxies, an observation that forever changed how astronomers view our place in the universe.
Then, inHubble announced that the universe is expanding, based on observations of starlight from distant galaxies. The finding formed the basis of inflationary big-bang theory.
Key players beginning in the s include the U.
Department of Defense and the National Science Foundation's efforts to set up computer communication networks. The Internet is "transformative in a way that nothing else, perhaps, has ever been," Rothenberg noted.
Today, anyone can walk into a library like the one shown here and access the global network. As Neil Armstrong famously said while planting the first human foot on another world, "That's one small step for man; one giant leap for mankind.
Matternes American paleoanthropologist Donald Johanson's discovery of Lucy, a 3. The discovery of a 4. Ardi lived in woodlands and climbed on all fours in the trees, but was also capable walking on two feet — suggesting that this hallmark of human evolution occurred in the forest, not grasslands as previously believed.
Such findings have brought scientists closer to identifying the common ancestors of chimpanzees and humans.Native American Contributions Number 1 Did you know that Native Americans have contributed many things to the American way of life today?
Things that you use or do now, many Native Americans. American Indian & Alaska Native Contributions to Public Health. Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir.
The indigenous people of the Americas—American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs)—have practiced the art of medicine and wellness for many thousands of years. She cared for both Native Americans and white people .
Native Americans and Their Contributions to the Advancement of Health and Medicine Stories of Native Americans contributions to the advancement of health and medicine traces were discovered in a small town in Nali, Africa. Slave medicine flourished on plantations.
While collecting wild herbs and roots, slave doctors, male and female, escaped the boundaries of their working life and perhaps experienced a . Medicine and health care Thomas Hunt Morgan won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in for discoveries elucidating the role that the chromosome plays in heredity.
Gene therapy using an adenovirus vector. The Science and Philosophy of Cherokee Indian Medicine: A Natural Alternative to Western Solutions S.
Barron Frazier, Sharon I. Goad, and Michael J. Wolyniak health of a person’s spiritual being. Cherokee medicine, on the other hand, takes a different approach to healthcare Native Americans managed pain using plants like willow bark.