The weak leadership of Hitler along with the inability to concentrate power to one position helped lead the Third Reich to be a very frenzied and unorganized government.
He died on 5 November Mommsen is opposed to the notion of Nazi Germany as a totalitarian state. In Mommsen's view, the fact that the majority of the German people supported or were indifferent to Nazism is what enabled the Nazis to stay in power.
Writing in highly aggressive language, Mommsen has from the mids argued for the "weak dictator" thesis. Hitler's role as a driving force, which with the same inner compulsion drove on to self-destruction, should not be underestimated.
On the other hand, it must be recognized that the Dictator was only the extreme exponent of a chain of antihumanitarian impulses set free by the lapse of all institutional, legal, and moral barriers, and once set in motion, regenerating themselves in magnified form. The Nazi Machtergreifung Seizure of Power had been generally represented as part of a well-planned, totalitarian assault on democracy with the German people as hapless bystanders.
The significance of the conclusion that the Nazis did not set the fire is that it suggests that the Machtergreifung was more of a series of ad hoc responses to events rather the result of some master plan of the part of Adolf Hitler and thus the German people were not mere bystanders.
Together with his friend Martin BroszatMommsen developed the structuralist interpretation of the Third Reich, that saw the Nazi state as a chaotic collection of rival bureaucracies engaged in endless power struggles.
Hitler's foreign policy aims, purely dynamic in nature, knew no bounds; Joseph Schumpeters's reference to "expansion without object" is entirely justified. For this very reason, to interpret their implementation as any way consistent or logical is highly problematic In reality, the regime's foreign policy ambitions were many and varied, without clear aims, and only linked by the ultimate goal: As such it became ever more distant from the chance of political stabilization".
The Swiss historian Walter Hofer accused Mommsen of "not seeing because he does not want to see" what Hofer saw as the obvious connection between what Hitler wrote in Mein Kampf and his later actions.
Mommsen's friend Yehuda Bauer has criticized Mommsen for stressing too much the similarities in values between the traditional German state bureaucracy and the Nazi Party's bureaucracy, while paying insufficient attention to the differences.
In this reading, ideology is recognized and then dismissed as irrelevant; the suffering of the victims is readily acknowledged and then omitted as having nothing to tell us about the mechanics of genocide; and individual perpetrators from Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler and Reinhard Heyrdrich to the lowliest SS man are shoved out of the historical picture as contemptible, but ultimately unimportant pawns in the larger scheme of a "polycratic state" whose predilection for "cumulative radicalization" was a function of its structure rather the product of intentional planning or self-proclaimed will  The Historikerstreit[ edit ] In the Historikerstreit debate, Mommsen argued that the Holocaust was a uniquely evil event which should not be compared with the other horrors of the 20th century.
Similarly the conservative historians reacted to the persecution of the Jews and to the Holocaust primarily with moral shock, leaving the events, only inadequately reconstructed by the West German research community, on the level of a purely traumatic experience.
Burt with promoting efforts to whitewash the German past in order that West Germany could play a more effective role in the Cold War.
The extensive repression of nationalistic resentment, which has led to a normalization of the relationship with the neighboring peoples and even has reduced xenophobia, is being described from the conservative side as a potential danger to political stability and as a putative "loss of identity".
Hildebrand's partisan shots can be easily deflected; that Habermas is accused of a "loss of reality and Manichaeanism", and that his honesty is denied is witness to the self-consciousness of a self-nominated historian elite, which has set itself the task of tracing the outlines of the seeming badly needed image of history.
What is happening now is much like freeing lines of thought that until then had been repressed because they seemed politically questionable. These lines of thought include equating the Holocaust with resettlement [Mommsen is referring to the expulsion of Germans from Eastern Europe here]; calling into question the purposefulness of the assassination attempt of July 20,in face of the threat from the Red Army, shifting German responsibility for the Second World War and Auschwitz to the British politics of appeasement and its pacifistic practitioners; the notion that Weimar had failed primarily because of the bonds of the peace treaty, the "edict" of Versailles, the notion that the nonexistent national consciousness of the Germans was also a consequence of postwar reeducation, and the notion that in the last analysis it was the Communists who along with the National Socialists had buried the republican system".From Weimar to Auschwitz will become a standard reference on the rise of Nazism and its implications for current developments in Europe.
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Adolf Hitler had a greater impact on the history of the world in the twentieth century than any other political figure.
1 Yet his background was unimpressive. The son of a minor Austrian customs official, with a limited education, no qualifications or experience of government, and a foreigner, he.
The International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust (ICEAH), at the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, will hold a conference entitled The Future of Auschwitz and the Holocaust Education in Authentic Memorial Sites, at the Auschwitz Memorial on October , r-bridal.com - Buy Mommsen: From Weimar To Auschwitz: Essays In German History book online at best prices in India on r-bridal.com Read Mommsen: From Weimar To Auschwitz: Essays In German History book reviews & author details and more at r-bridal.com Free delivery on qualified r-bridal.com: H Mommsen.