May be combined with acknowledgements. There is no required heading on this page. Table of Contents — Required for all except creative works.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Argentina[ edit ] In Argentina the doctorate doctorado  is the highest academic degree.
The intention is that candidates produce original contributions in their field knowledge within a frame of academic excellence. It is reviewed by a Doctoral Committee composed of examiners external to the program and at least one examiner external to the institution.
The degree is conferred after a successful dissertation defence. Exceptions are based on their individual academic merit.
A second and a third foreign language are other common requirements, although the requirements regarding proficiency commonly are not strict. The admissions process varies by institution.
Some require candidates to take tests while others base admissions on a research proposal application and interview only. In both instances however, a faculty member must agree prior to admission to supervise the applicant.
Requirements usually include satisfactory performance in advanced graduate courses, passing an oral qualifying exam and submitting a thesis that must represent an original and relevant contribution to existing knowledge. The thesis is examined in a final public oral exam administered by at least five faculty members, two of whom must be external.
After completion, which normally consumes 4 years, the candidate is commonly awarded the degree of Doutor Doctor followed by the main area of specialization, e.
Physics, Chemistry, Biological and Life Sciences, etc. All graduate programs in Brazilian public universities are tuition-free mandated by the Brazilian constitution. Competition for graduate financial aid is intense and most scholarships support at most 2 years of Master's studies and 4 years of doctoral studies.
The normal monthly stipend for doctoral students in Brazil is between and USD.
A degree of Doutor usually enables an individual to apply for a junior faculty position equivalent to a US Assistant Professor.
Progression to full professorship known as Professor Titular requires that the candidate be successful in a competitive public exam and normally takes additional years. In the federal university system, doctors who are admitted as junior faculty members may progress usually by seniority to the rank of Associate Professor then become eligible to take the competitive exam for vacant full professorships.
In recent years somme initiatives as jointly supervised doctorates e. Bachelor of Arts degree ; 2 a five-year candidate's degree e.
Doctor Philosophiaewhich is the higher doctorate. A three-year extended research program, leading to the magister's degree was phased out to meet the international standards of the Bologna Process. In the disputation, the candidate defends their thesis against three official opponents as well as opponents from the auditorium ex auditorio.
The Medical doctorate abbreviated as M. It takes on average three to five years. Many postgraduate medical and surgical specialties students earn a Doctorate.
After finishing a 6-year medical school and one-year internship house officerphysicians and surgeons earn the M. They can then apply to earn a master's degree or a speciality diploma, then an MD degree in a specialty.The abstract (page-numbered ii) provides a succinct summary of the work.
To satisfy the requirements of the National Library and University Microfilms International, the abstract must be no longer than words for a Doctoral thesis and words for a Master's thesis.
A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings. In some contexts, the word "thesis" or a cognate is used for part of a bachelor's or master's course, while "dissertation" is normally applied to a doctorate, while in other contexts, the reverse is true.
The requirements listed in the Thesis and Dissertation Formatting Requirements apply to the formal master’s thesis and the doctoral dissertation. Table of Contents – Required for all except creative works. The Table of Contents lists all sections that follow . A doctorate (from Latin docere, "to teach") or doctor's degree (from Latin doctor, "teacher") or doctoral degree (from the ancient formalism licentia docendi) is an academic degree awarded by universities that is, in most countries, a research degree that qualifies the holder to teach at the university level in the degree's field, or to work in a specific profession.
Table of Contents Page for Thesis or Dissertation Table of Contents Format. Center the term “TABLE OF CONTENTS.” The vita page is required for doctoral students, optional for master’s students.
It is the final page of the research document and must have a page number. liberty baptist theological seminary a leadership training manual for the 21 st century church leader based on the pattern and principles jesus created to train the.